Born in Sydney in 1972, Barton graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the College of Fine Arts, University of New South Wales, Sydney, in 1993. In 2015, Barton was awarded an Australian Film, Television and Radio School Creative Fellowship, following her directorial debut of The Nightingale and the Rose (2015).
Barton was awarded the Archibald Prize in 2008 and again in 2013, and along with Judy Cassab is one of only two woman artists who have won the prize twice.
Her work is held in major public collections including: the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney; the Queensland Art Gallery | Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane; the National Gallery of Australia, Canberra; the Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide and the Museum of Old and New Art, Hobart.
Inside another land #42 is one of a series of 75 works, which were three years in the making. Exhibited in 2017 at the National Gallery of Victoria, these works formed part of the first survey exhibition of Barton's works, entitled The Highway is a Disco. All are photomontages, reworked, printed, with hand painted finish.